TABLE of CONTENTS

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VOLUME 2
 CHAPTER 5-The Declension of the Monetary System From Bimetallism to Fiat Currency: The Removal of Gold
867
 A. The Gold Seizure: Presidential and Congressional Action
867
 1. Background to Catastrophe: The Trading With the Enemy Act of 1917
867
 2. Roosevelt's Gold Seizure Under Color of the Trading With the Enemy Act
876
 a. The Involvement of the Federal Reserve System
877
 b. Presidential Proclamation No. 2039
882
 3. The Emergency Banking Act of 1933
886
 a. The Congressional Debates
886
 b. The Statutory Scheme
891
 4. Presidential Proclamation No. 2040
927
 5. Executive Order No. 6073
927
 6. Roosevelt's First "Fireside Chat"
928
 7. Executive Order No. 6102
933
 8. The Emergency Farm Mortgage Act of 1933
937
 a. The Congressional Debates
937
 b. The Statutory Scheme
968
 9. House Joint Resolution No. 192
984
 a. The Congressional Debates
985
 b. The Substance of the Joint Resolution
1008
 10. Executive Order No. 6260
1024
 11. Campbell v. Chase National Bank, Campbell v. Medalie, and United States v. Campbell
1027
 12. The Secretary of the Treasury's Order of 28 December 1933
1046
 13. Executive Order No. 6556
1048
 14. The Secretary of the Treasury's Order of 15 January 1934
1049
 15. The Gold Reserve Act of 1934
1050
 a. The Congressional Debates
1050
 b. The Statutory Scheme
1108
 16. Presidential Proclamation No. 2072
1116
 17. A Summing Up of Roosevelt's Monetary Revolution
1117
 18. The Devolution in Politicians' Monetary Thinking Between 1896 and 1934
1120
 B. The Gold Seizure: The Gold Clause Cases
1127
 1. The Supreme Court's Refusal To Review the Gold Seizure
1128
 2. The Supreme Court's Decisions
1164
 a. Norman v. Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company
1164
 b. Nortz v. United States
1186
 c. Perry v. United States
1191
 d. The Dissent in the Gold Clause Cases
1204
 e. The Totalitarian Imperative of the Gold Clause Cases
1207
 3. Congressional Reaction to Perry v. United States
1211
 4. The Constitutional Residue of Perry v. United States
1212
 C. The Terminal Phase of Congressional Abdication of Control Over the Statutory "Gold Dollar"
1233
 CHAPTER 6-The Declension of the Monetary System From Bimetallism to Fiat Currency: The Removal of Silver
1241
 A. Presidential and Congressional Actions during the 1930s and 1940s
1241
 B. The Silver Purchase Repeal Act of 1963
1254
 C. The Coinage Act of 1965
1257
 D. The Silver Certificate Act of 1967
1259
 E. The Bank Holding Company Act of 1970
1264
 F. The Coinage Act of 1978
1266
 G. The United States $1 Coin Act of 1997
1266
 CHAPTER 7-The Partial Reintroduction of Gold and Silver Into the Monetary System
1269
 A. Legalization of Private Ownership of Gold
1269
 B. Legalization of Gold-clause Contracts
1271
 C. New Silver and Gold Coinage
1273
 1. Bullion and Proof Coins
1273
 2. Commemorative Silver and Gold Coins
1293
 3. Analysis of the Hodgepodge of Specie "Dollars"
1308
 D. Judges' and Politicians' Assaults on the Monetary Character and Permanence of the New Silver and Gold Coinage
1311
 CHAPTER 8-Some Contemporary Litigation Over the Monetary Powers and Disabilities
1345
BOOK THREE-The Unconstitutionality of America's Contemporary Systems of Money and Banking 1401
 CHAPTER 1-The Unconstitutionality of a Monetary System Consisting of Base-metallic Coinage and Irredeemable Bank Notes
1403
 A. The Unconstitutionality of Base-metallic Coinage With Full Legal-tender Character
1404
 B. The Unconstitutionality of Irredeemable, Legal-tender Federal Reserve Notes
1405
 1. The Monetary Character of Irredeemable, Legal-tender Federal Reserve Notes
1406
 2. The Constitutional Impossibility of Irredeemable, Legal-tender Federal Reserve Notes
1419
 CHAPTER 2-The Unconstitutionality of the Federal Reserve System's Corporative-state Banking Oligarchy
1423
 A. The Nature of the Powers Congress Has Purportedly Delegated to the Federal Reserve System
1423
 B. The Unconstitutionality of Any Delegation of Monetary Power
1430
 C. The Unconstitutionality of Congress's Delegation of Purported Monetary Powers to a Cartel of Private Banks
1461
 1. The Unconstitutionality of Delegation of Governmental Authority to Private Parties: Some General Considerations
1461
 2. The Supreme Court's Precedents of the 1930s: A.L.A. Schechter Poultry Corporation v. United States and Carter v. Carter Coal Company
1463
 3. Decisions of State Courts on Delegation of Governmental Powers to Private Parties
1470
 4. Application of Schechter, Carter, and Other Judicial Precedents to the Federal Reserve System
1475
BOOK FOUR-Reconstruction of America's Constitutional Systems of Money and Banking 1525
 CHAPTER 1-The Basic Steps Necessary to Reform America's Constitutional Systems of Money and Banking
1527
 A. Provision of Silver, Gold, and Token Coinage
1528
 1. United States Coinage
1528
 2. Foreign Coinage
1531
 3. Legal Tender
1531
 4. Private Coinage
1532
 5. Coin Certificates
1535
 B. Governmental Finances on the Specie Standard
1536
 C. Reformation of America's Banking System
1539
 D. Withdrawal of Special Legal Privileges From Federal Reserve Notes
1549
 E. Ownership of the National Stock of Gold
1576
 CHAPTER 2-Cutting the Gordian Knot of Monetary and Banking Reform
1587
 Appendix A: Model Congressional Act for the Protection of Persons Who Receive, Pay, and Exchange Various Forms of United States Coin and Currency
1663
 Appendix B: Model State Act for the Monetization of Silver and Gold Coin With Respect to Essential Sovereign Functions
1664
TABLES of AUTHORITIES 1667
 TABLE of CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS
1669
 Foundational Authority
1669
 Articles of Confederation
1669
 United States Constitution
1669
 Miscellaneous
1671
 TABLE of STATUTES
1672
 United States Statutes at Large
1672
 United States Code
1677
 Treaties and International Agreements
1684
 State and Colonial Statutes
1685
 English Statutes
1685
 Miscellaneous
1686
 TABLE of LEGISLATIVE MATERIALS
1687
 Journals and Records
1687
 United States House and Senate Documents, Reports, Hearings, and Bills
1687
 Miscellaneous
1688
 TABLE of EXECUTIVE ACTIONS
1689
 Presidential Proclamations
1689
 Executive Orders
1689
 Other Orders
1689
 Opinions and Rulings
1689
 Reports
1690
 Compilations of Papers
1691
 Miscellaneous
1691
 TABLE of CASES
1692
 Supreme Court of the United States
1692
 Inferior National Courts
1706
 State Courts
1709
 English Courts
1712
 TABLE of COURT RULES
1713
 Rules of the Supreme Court of the United States
1713
 Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure
1713
 Federal Rules of Civil Procedure
1713
 TABLE of SECONDARY AUTHORITIES
1714
 Legal Treatises
1714
 General Reference Works
1714
 Books and Monographs
1715
 Articles and Essays
1719
 Miscellaneous
1722

LIST of ILLUSTRATIONS

VOLUME I

Between Pages

NUMBER I-Massachusetts Bill of Credit of 169072 & 73
NUMBER II-Examples of Continental Currency82 & 83
NUMBER III-United States Post Office Notice
of the Executive Order of 5 April 1933
688 & 689
NUMBER IV-Letter of Rudy Villarreal to A- L-
(16 October 1974)
828 & 829
NUMBER V-Letter of Forest D. Montgomery to Paul A. Hein, Jr.
(20 September 1979)
828 & 829

VOLUME II
NUMBER VI-Motion to Dismiss Appeal, United States v. Campbell,
No. 779 (U.S.), 9 February 1934
1141 & 1142
NUMBER VII-Order Dismissing Appeal, United States v. Campbell,
No. 779 (U.S.), 12 February 1934
1141 & 1142
NUMBER VIII-Order Denying Motion to Reinstate Appeal, United States v. Campbell, No. 779 (U.S.), 19 February 19341144 & 1145
NUMBER IX-Letter of Owen J. Roberts to Paul Bakewell, Jr.
(4 January 1950)
1162 & 1163

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